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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12008/21022 How cite
Title: Are not any silver in the cloud? Subjective well-being among deprived young people
Authors: Carrasco, Paula
Ceni, Rodrigo
Perazzo, Ivone
Salas, Gonzalo
Type: Documento de trabajo
Keywords: Social intermediation program, Subjective well-being, Aspiration, Bienestar subjetivo, Programa de intermediación social, Aspiraciones
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Young people suffer higher levels of deprivation than older people, mainly in developing countries. They not only deal with social obstacles to getting a job or to staying in the education system, but they can also erect barriers which prevent them from achieving desirable trajectories in the future. We analyze the effect of a Social Intermediation Program (JeR) on Subjective Well-being and present how SWB is constructed and the different channels of its change. We develop a simple theoretical model to link subjective well- being with the individual and reference wealth, the effort and the level of aspirations, and how they can be affected by JeR. To overcome selection issues and to be able to identify causal effects, we estimate the model through instrumental variables using distance in meters between the individual house and the closest JeR center. We find a negative impact of JeR on Subjective Well-being and the main channel of this change is through Subjective Relative Wealth, i.e., the relation between the individual and the reference wealth, but there is no effect through the other theoretical channels: the levels of effort or aspirations. These results are heterogeneous by psychological features; they are higher among those with low aspiration levels and external locus of control. We also find JeR has a positive effect on the dispersion of SWB, pushing down those on the left part of the distribution and maintaining SWR as the main channel. Finally, we disentangle the main program characteristics that might generate this effect giving relevant information for the policymakers.

Este artículo analiza los canales que afectan al Bienestar Subjetivo (SWB, por sus siglas en inglés), y cuáles son los efectos de un Programa de Intermediación Social. Desarrollamos un simple modelo teórico para vincular el SWB con la riqueza individual y de referencia, el esfuerzo, y el nivel de aspiraciones. Luego de superar los problemas de selección con una variable instrumental que nos permite identificar los efectos causales, encontramos un impacto negativo sobre el SWB siendo el principal canal de este cambio la Riqueza Relativa Subjetiva, es decir, la relación entre el individuo y la riqueza de referencia. No hay efecto a través de los restantes canales teóricos, aunque los resultados sobre el SWB son heterogéneos según características psicológicas; son más altos entre aquellos con bajos niveles de aspiraciones y locus de control externo. Finalmente, desentrañamos las principales características del programa que podrían generar este efecto, brindando información relevante para los hacedores de políticas.
Publisher: UR.FCEA.IECON
Series or collection: Serie Documentos de Trabajo; 09/19
ISSN: 1688-5090
Citation: Carrasco, P, Ceni, R, Perazzo, I y Salas, G. Are not any silver in the cloud? Subjective well-being among deprived young people [en línea]. Serie Documentos de Trabajo; 09/19. Montevideo : UR.FCEA.IECON, 2019.
License: Licencia Creative Commons Atribución – No Comercial – Sin Derivadas (CC - By-NC-ND)
Appears in Collections:Documentos de Trabajo - Instituto de Economía

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