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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12008/11115 How cite
Title: Impact of Dental Fluorosis, Socioeconomic Status and Self-Perception in Adolescents Exposed to a High Level of Fluoride in Water
Authors: Molina Frechero, Nelly
Nevarez Rascón, Martina
Nevarez Rascón, Alfredo
González González, Rogelio
Irigoyen Camacho, María Esther
Sánchez Pérez, Leonor
López Verdín, Sandra
Bologna Molina, Ronell
Type: Artículo
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Objective: To identify adolescents’ self-perception of dental fluorosis from two areas with different socioeconomic levels. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted with 15-year-old youths by applying a questionnaire designed and validated to assess self-perceptions of dental fluorosis in two areas with different socioeconomic statuses (SESs). Fluorosis was clinically evaluated by applying the Thylstrup and Fejerkov (TF) index on the upper front teeth. Results: A total of 308 adolescents were included in the study. The medium-SES population, which was exposed to 2.5 ppm of fluoride in water, and the low-SES population, which was exposed to 5.1 ppm, presented the following levels of dental fluorosis: TF 2–3 (50%), TF 4–5 (45.6%) and TF 6–7 (4.4%) for medium SES and TF 2–3 (12.3%), TF 4–5 (67.1%) and TF 67 (20.6%) for low SES. A significant association was found between self-perception and dental fluorosis in those with medium and low SESs (p < 0.05). The multiple regression model found differences between TF levels and self-perception, with a 6–7 TF level for concerns about color (OR = 1.6), smile (OR = 1.2) and appearance (OR = 3.36). Conclusions: Self-perceptions of dental fluorosis affect adolescents such that adolescents with a medium SES have more negative perceptions than those with a low SES. Such perceptions increase as the TF index increases.
Publisher: MDPI AG
IN: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 14, no.1, pp. 2-10
Citation: Molina-Frechero, N., Nevarez-Rascón, M., Nevarez-Rascón, A. y otros. "Impact of Dental Fluorosis, Socioeconomic Status and Self-Perception in Adolescents Exposed to a High Level of Fluoride in Water". International journal of environmental research and public health [en linea]. 2017, Vol. 14, no.1, pp. 2-10
License: Licencia Creative Common Atribución (CC-BY)
Appears in Collections:Artículos - Facultad de Odontología

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